Woman eating a Popsicle experiencing tooth sensitivity Are you unable to enjoy a refreshing cold cup of water or a soothing mug of hot coffee without wincing in pain? If so, you likely have tooth sensitivity.

How does tooth sensitivity happen?

Your teeth have an outer layer called enamel which protects the parts of your teeth that are above the gum line. Another protective layer, called cementum, protects the parts of your teeth that are below the gum line. Underneath both these protective, outer layers are a collection of tubules called dentin. Dentin is what then covers the nerves and other cells in your teeth. When your teeth’s’ nerves are exposed to very hot or cold food or beverages, pain occurs.

How can your teeth’s protective barriers become weakened? Here are the top 5 reasons.

  1. Teeth Problems

There are various tooth problems that can contribute to the breakdown of your teeth’s enamel and cementum. The most common of these problems include: tooth decay (cavities), fractured teeth, worn tooth enamel, worn fillings, exposed tooth root, receding gums, and gum disease.

  1. Teeth grinding

Some people have what is called Bruxism or teeth grinding. This can happen during the day, but more commonly occurs at night when you’re not as conscious of it. The constant grinding of your teeth will wear away the enamel.

  1. Acidic beverages

Your favorite drinks such as coffee, sodas, orange juice, wine, energy drinks and tomato juice contain high levels of acidity which corrodes your teeth’s enamel.

  1. Aggressive brushing

Brushing too hard can wear away the tooth enamel which leads to the dentin being exposed.

  1. Teeth Whitening Agents

These products contain chemical bleaching agents that can destroy your tooth’s enamel over time, especially if overused.

If you have sensitive teeth, there are things you can do to lessen or stop it.

  • The simplest and most effective way is practicing good oral hygiene. Daily brushing, flossing and rinsing are necessary to keep your teeth healthy and strong. Regular dental cleaning and check-ups are also important.
  • When you brush your teeth, try using a toothpaste specifically for sensitive teeth. These toothpastes include compounds that block sensations from reaching the surface of the nerves.
  • If the surface of your teeth are already worn down, placing a crown, inlay or bonding on the tooth will give it the extra protection it needs. At Hazzouri Dental, we offer a variety of dental restoration services, including crowns, that can halt further damage to your tooth health.
  • Maybe it’s the receding of your gums that are causing your tooth sensitivity. Surgical gum grafts may be the best option for you in combating your tooth pain. Replacing lost or damaged gum tissue around your teeth will add protection.
  • In the worst case scenario, a root canal may be needed if nothing else eliminates your tooth pain and sensitivity.

It is important to mention your tooth sensitivity to us when you come in as it can be a sign of sever tooth decay.